Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Race Relations in the North


Slavery's True History

Denying the Past


Northern Profits from Slavery


Slavery in Rhode Island

Slavery was Rhode Island’s “Number One Financial Activity”


Slavery in Massachusetts


Slavery in Pennsylvania


Slavery in the North


Northern Emancipation


Fugitive Slaves


Race Relations in Pennsylvania


Emancipation in Massachusetts


The Northern Slave Trade


The Slave Trade Business


The American Colonization Society: The Colonization Movement


Exclusion of Free Blacks in the North


Fugitive Slaves and Northern Racism


The Illinois Black Codes


An African-American Icon Speaks Truth to the Lincoln Cult



Contact Michael T. Griffith

Back to Michael T. Griffith’s Civil War website