Michael T. Griffith


@All Rights Reserved

Second Edition

Revised on 1/14/02

Surprisingly, some evolutionists deny that evolution demands that all life came into being by chance. However, some evolutionary scholars have admitted evolution does make this assumption. Even if this weren't the case, logic would demand the conclusion that atheistic evolution assumes all life came about by chance. Let's look at a few comments on this subject by evolutionary scientist Jacques Monad, who was a leading evolutionary biochemist and a Nobel Prize winner, as he spoke about mutations and evolution:

We call these events [mutations] accidental; we say that they are random occurrences. And since they constitute the only possible source of modifications in the genetic text, itself the sole repository of the organism's hereditary structures, it necessarily follows that chance alone is at the source of every innovation, of all creation in the biosphere.

He also said the following:

Pure chance, absolutely free but blind chance, at the very root of the stupendous edifice of evolution: this central concept of modern biology [evolution] is no longer one among other possible or even conceivable hypotheses.

I'll beg to differ with Dr. Monad about evolution being the only conceivable hypothesis, but I appreciate his frank statement of the fact that evolution posits chance, pure, blind chance. He also said:

The ancient covenant is in pieces: man at last knows that he is alone in the unfeeling immensity of the universe, out of which he has emerged by chance. Neither his destiny nor his duty has been written down.

Evolutionary fans of Monad's readily admit he said evolution relied on chance. Notes Fritjof Capra,

Jacques Monad saw evolution as a strict sequence of chance and necessity, the chance of random mutations and the necessity of survival.

Lewis Hyde, formerly of Harvard University, likewise knew Monad said evolution relied on chance, as Amy Bourne notes in a review of one of Hyde's books:

Hyde's insights into contemporary cultural change have been sharpened by a rich exploration into the field of evolution, as expressed by French biochemist Jacques Monad, Nobel laureate and author of Chance and Necessity. Hyde infers, "Theories of evolution have shown us that, even though it is difficult at first to imagine how a process that depends on chance can be creative, nonetheless it is by such a process that creation itself has come to be."

According to C. H. Waddington, "random mutation" is the only way new hereditary variation occurs:

It remains true to say that we know of no way other than random mutation by which new hereditary variation comes into being, nor any process other than natural selection by which the hereditary constitution of a population changes from one generation to the next.

None other than leading evolutionist Stephen J. Gould said:

If the history of life teaches us any lesson, it is that human beings arose as a kind of glorious accident . . . surely the kind of glorious cosmic accident resulting from the catenation (linking) of thousands of improbable events.

Renowned evolutionary scientist Robert Jastrow was especially candid when he put it this way in a 1982 interview:

The scientific story of genesis has chance as its basic ingredient. You look at the story in detail, and every element of it is governed by some random event. A random collision among atoms that created stars including the sun. Random collisions of the molecules of life that created the first DNA, the first self-replicating molecule. This fact has both puzzled and distressed many students of the subject. They feel that since the story leads in an unbroken line from that chance event of a threshold straight up to man, there's something unsatisfactory about it, about a story that says man's existence on earth is a product of chance.

Even if no evolutionist admitted evolution relies on chance, logic would demand this conclusion. If one rules out design and a designer, all that remains is chance. An event ultimately results either from design or from chance. There is no third option.


Amy Bourne, review of Lewis Hyde's book Trickster Makes This World: Mischief, Myth, and Art," March 25, 1998, http://www.sfbg.com/lit/shorts/april98.html.

Fritjof Capra, The Systems View of Life, The Turning Point, chapter 8, http://www.magna.com.au/~prfbrown/capra_3.html.

"Geo Conversation," GEO, February 1982, pp. 11-12.

Henry Morris, editor, SCIENTIFIC CREATIONISM, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 1985.

Roger Oakland and Caryl Matrisciana, THE EVOLUTION CONSPIRACY, Harvest House Publishers, 1991.

Luther D. Sunderland, DARWIN'S ENIGMA, Master Books, 1988.

John Weldon and John Ankerberg, DARWIN'S LEAP OF FAITH, Harvest House Publishers, 1998.

C. H. Waddington, THE NATURE OF LIFE, New York: Atheneum, 1962.

Lecture 1, http://analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/lectures/HeneghL1.htm


ABOUT THE AUTHOR:Michael T. Griffith holds a Masterís degree in Theology from The Catholic Distance University, a Graduate Certificate in Ancient and Classical History from American Military University, a Bachelorís degree in Liberal Arts from Excelsior College, and two Associate in Applied Science degrees from the Community College of the Air Force.He also holds an Advanced Certificate of Civil War Studies and a Certificate of Civil War Studies from Carroll College.He is a graduate in Arabic and Hebrew of the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, California, and of the U.S. Air Force Technical Training School in San Angelo, Texas.In addition, he has completed an Advanced Hebrew program at Haifa University in Israel.He is the author of five books on Mormonism and ancient texts, including How Firm A Foundation, A Ready Reply, and One Lord, One Faith.