20 Key Facts About the JFK Assassination in 8 Minutes


Michael T. Griffith


@All Rights Reserved


President John F. Kennedy (JFK) was assassinated in Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. Below are 20 key facts about the JFK assassination that you should be able to read in 8 minutes. Documentation for each fact is provided after the list.


1. The ammunition that struck JFK in the head did not behave like the type of ammunition that the alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, supposedly used. Also, Oswald allegedly used 6.5 mm bullets, but the rear entrance wound on the skull was only 6.0 mm wide, so it could not have been made by a 6.5 mm bullet.


2. One of the three bullet shells that were reportedly found near the window from which Oswald allegedly fired could not have been used to fire a bullet during the shooting because it had a sizable dent in it. This means Oswald could have only fired two shots, but at least three shots were fired during the assassination.


3. Over three dozen witnesses in Dealey Plaza said shots were fired from the grassy knoll. Oswald allegedly fired from a sixth-floor window of the Texas School Book Depository. Shots fired from the grassy knoll would have hit Kennedy in the front. Shots fired from the window that Oswald allegedly used would have hit JFK in the back.


4. The Secret Service would not allow an autopsy to be performed on JFK’s body in Dallas but, in violation of the law, took the body to Washington, where three military doctors performed a badly flawed, incomplete autopsy. Two of the doctors had never even done an autopsy on a gunshot victim, and the third doctor had not done an autopsy in years. 


5. In order to avoid the conclusion that there was more than one gunman, the Warren Commission devised the single-bullet theory, which claimed that the same bullet that hit Kennedy in the back also hit Governor John Connally and caused all of his wounds. If the single-bullet theory is wrong, then there was more than one gunman.


6. Governor Connally, who was riding in front of JFK in the limousine, said he was certain he was not hit until frame 234 of the Zapruder film, which is clearly after Kennedy was first hit. If the bullet that hit Connally was not the same bullet that hit JFK in the back, then at least four shots were fired and at least two gunmen were involved.


7. The holes in the back of JFK’s coat and shirt locate the president’s back wound about 5 inches below the collar line. This location is confirmed by the autopsy face sheet (marked “verified”), by the FBI’s 12/9/1963 report on the autopsy, by the death certificate (marked “verified”), and by the transcript of the Warren Commission’s 1/27/1964 executive session. This location makes the single-bullet theory impossible. 


8. The House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) concluded that two gunmen fired at JFK and that one of the gunmen fired from the grassy knoll. The committee determined that a police recording made in Dealey Plaza during the shooting contained four gunshot impulses.


9. Jack Ruby shot Oswald two days after the assassination. The HSCA discovered that Ruby had extensive Mafia connections and concluded that Ruby’s shooting of Oswald resembled a Mafia hit to silence Oswald.


10. Richard Case Nagell, a U.S. military intelligence agent and a CIA contract agent, told government investigators and private researchers that in late 1962 he became aware of a plot to kill JFK that involved elements of the CIA and anti-Castro Cubans, that Oswald was a U.S. intelligence operative, and that he warned Oswald a few months before the assassination that he was being set up to take the fall for JFK’s murder. Jim Wilcott, a former CIA finance officer, has confirmed that Oswald was a U.S. intelligence operative. Wilcott reported that he processed several CIA payments to Oswald when Oswald was in Japan.


11. In 2017, documentation was discovered that revealed that an extra bullet was found in JFK’s limousine by two Navy petty officers on the night of the assassination. The petty officer who found the bullet confirmed the account, and Dr. James Young, a Navy doctor who attended the autopsy, has confirmed that he received the bullet from the petty officer. The bullet disappeared after it was given to one of the autopsy doctors.


12. Three scientists with expertise in radiology have examined the JFK autopsy x-rays and have determined through optical density measurements that they have been altered.


13. Documents and tapes released by the Assassination Records Review Board in 1997 reveal that after President Kennedy’s body was carried onto Air Force One in a bronze ceremonial casket in Dallas, the body was removed from the ceremonial casket and placed in a cheap gray shipping casket. The shipping casket arrived at the morgue loading dock at Bethesda Naval Hospital at 6:35 p.m. The bronze ceremonial casket, the one famously offloaded from Air Force One on national television earlier that evening, was not brought to the morgue loading dock until around 7:17 p.m. and was empty when it arrived. After the shipping casket arrived, the lead autopsy doctor performed an illegal, off-the-record procedure on JFK’s wounds. After this illegal procedure, the body was placed in the ceremonial casket, and the body was then brought into the hospital in the ceremonial casket for the start of the official autopsy.


14. Oswald was not a skilled marksman and would have been unable to perform the alleged lone-gunman shooting feat. Most of Oswald’s fellow Marines said he was a poor shot. People who saw him shoot in Russia said he was a poor shot. On his best day at the rifle range as a Marine, Oswald barely qualified in the second of three qualification categories. When three Master-rated riflemen attempted to duplicate Oswald’s alleged shooting feat for the Warren Commission, they were unable to do so.


15. Dozens of witnesses, including medical personnel and federal agents, who saw JFK’s body at Parkland Hospital and/or at Bethesda Naval Hospital said there was a large wound in the right-rear part of the head, indicating an exit wound from a frontal shot. The autopsy doctors sought to conceal the presence of the large wound in the back of the head. 


16. A number of witnesses saw an entry wound in JFK’s right temple, indicating a shot from the front. These witnesses included the mortician who prepared JFK’s body for burial. During a televised press conference soon after Kennedy died, the White House press secretary said that JFK’s doctor told him that a bullet entered Kennedy’s right temple, and he pointed to his own right temple to illustrate. The autopsy skull x-rays contain evidence of an entry wound in the right temple.


17. The JFK autopsy skull x-rays indicate that two or three bullets hit the president’s head, and that one of the bullets came from the front.


18. The wounding of James Tague in Dealey Plaza during the shooting proves there was a second gunman because it proves more than three shots were fired. The Warren Commission attempted to ignore the Tague wounding, but was eventually forced to acknowledge it. The commission could not provide a plausible, scientifically sound explanation for Tague’s wounding without rejecting its lone-gunman theory of the assassination.


19. Eyewitness accounts, photos, declassified files, and the Zapruder film indicate that six shots were fired at JFK’s limousine. The lone-gunman theory only allows for three shots.


20. In 1995, the Assassination Records Review Board discovered that the Secret Service had illegally destroyed all of their records regarding security arrangements for President Kennedy’s other trips in the fall of 1963. When Congress passed the JFK Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992, the National Archives advised the Secret Service not to destroy such records, but the Secret Service destroyed them anyway—and tried to conceal this from the Review Board. Destroying those records made it impossible to compare the security arrangements for the Dallas trip with the arrangements made for JFK’s other trips that fall.




1. Behavior of the ammunition that hit JFK’s head and 6.0 mm rear head entrance wound:


Forensic Science and President Kennedy’s Head Wounds

The Head Shot from the Front

The JFK Autopsy Materials

The State of the Medical Evidence in the JFK Assassination

Hidden in Plain Sight

Faulty Evidence: Problems with the Case Against Lee Harvey Oswald


2. The dented bullet shell:


The Dented Shell: Hard Evidence of Conspiracy in the JFK Assassination?

Physical Evidence of Conspiracy in the JFK Assassination

Faulty Evidence: Problems with the Case Against Lee Harvey Oswald


3. Shots from the grassy knoll:


Grassy Knoll Witnesses

21 Cops Who Heard a Grassy Knoll Shot


4. Secret Service would not allow autopsy in Dallas. Autopsy in Washington was botched:


The First Step in the JFK Cover-Up

The JFK Assassination: Official Complicity

HSCA Forensic Pathology Panel Critique of the Autopsy


5. Warren Commission’s invention of the single-bullet theory:


The Magic Bullet: Even More Magical Than We Knew?

The Warren Report?


6. Governor Connally not hit by the same bullet that hit JFK in the back:


11/27/1963 Interview with Governor John Connally

Governor Connally’s Warren Commission Testimony (see pp. 129-146)

Cover-Up (see pp. 6-8)

Gems from the Warren Commission Report


7. Location of JFK’s back wound too low for the single-bullet theory:


Where Was President Kennedy’s Back Wound?

Trajectory of a Lie


8. HSCA, two gunman, and four shots:


Echo Correlation Analysis and the Acoustic Evidence in the Kennedy Assassination Revisited

The HSCA’s Acoustical Evidence: Proof of a Second Gunman?

Hear No Evil: The Acoustical Evidence in the Kennedy Assassination

HSCA Report on the Acoustic Evidence


9. Jack Ruby, the Mafia, and the shooting of Oswald:


The Secret Life of Jack Ruby

Jack Ruby

Jack Ruby’s Polygraph

The Ruby Cover-Up

HSCA Report on Jack Ruby


10. Richard Case Nagell, Oswald, and the CIA:


Oswald and the CIA

Dick Russell Lecture on Richard Case Nagell

The Framing of Oswald

Dick Russell’s ARRB Testimony

Jim Wilcott’s Affidavit and HSCA Testimony

Oswald and the CIA: Wilcott’s Testimony


11. Extra bullet found in JFK’s limousine:


Navy Doctor: Bullet Found in JFK’s Limousine, And Never Reported

Navy Medicine and the Kennedy Assassination


12. Optical density measurements prove JFK autopsy x-rays have been altered:


JFK Skull X-Rays: Evidence of Forgery

The JFK Autopsy Materials: A Current Summary

A Review of the JFK Cranial X-Rays and Photographs

The John F. Kennedy Autopsy X-Rays: The Saga of the Largest Metallic Fragment


13. JFK’s body moved into cheap gray shipping casket while on Air Force One. Shipping casket arrived at hospital before bronze ceremonial casket. Illegal procedure performed on body before body was placed in ceremonial casket. Ceremonial casket was then brought into hospital for start of autopsy:


The AF1 Tapes and Subsequent Events at Andrews AFB on November 22, 1963: What Was Supposed to Happen vs. What Did Happen

Len Osanic with Doug Horne: The Airforce One Audio Tapes

JFK 11/22/63: Body/Casket Chicanery at the Bethesda Morgue

The Kennedy Casket Conspiracy

The Ongoing Kennedy Casket Mystery

The Two Caskets

The James Curtis Jenkins Revelations at JFK Lancer Confirm a Massive Medical Cover-up in 1963

Dr. David Mantik’s Review of Vol. 4 of Doug Horne’s Inside the ARRB

The Clifton Version of the Air Force One Tapes Yields Important Information


14. The alleged shooting feat, Oswald’s poor marksmanship, and the Warren Commission’s rifle test:


Was Oswald a Poor Shot?

Hasty Judgment: Why the JFK Case Is Not Closed (see chapter 7)

Was Oswald an Expert Marksman?


15. Right-rear exit wound on the head, indicating shot from the front:


The Large Wound in the Back of President Kennedy’s Head: More Evidence of a Shot from the Front

The Head Shot from the Front

The Medical Evidence Decoded

JFK: The Medical Cover-Up

The Head Wounds Revisited

The Truth About JFK’s Head Wound


16. Entry wound in JFK’s right temple:


The Head Shot from the Front

John F. Kennedy's Head Wounds: A Final Synthesis — and a New Analysis of the Harper Fragment

A Detailed Summary of Dr. David Mantik’s JFK X-Ray Findings

The JFK Autopsy Materials

The Application of Forensic Principles for the Analysis of the Autopsy Skull X-Rays of President Kennedy and a Review of the Brain Photographs      

JFK Autopsy X-Rays: David Mantik vs. Pat Speer


17. JFK autopsy x-rays indicate two or three bullets hit the skull:

John F. Kennedy's Head Wounds: A Final Synthesis — and a New Analysis of the Harper Fragment

A Detailed Summary of Dr. David Mantik’s JFK X-Ray Findings

The JFK Autopsy Materials

The Application of Forensic Principles for the Analysis of the Autopsy Skull X-Rays of President Kennedy and a Review of the Brain Photographs      

JFK Autopsy X-Rays: David Mantik vs. Pat Speer


18. Wounding of James Tague and two gunmen/more than three shots:


The Wounding of James Tague: Evidence of a Second Gunman in the JFK Assassination

Bystander Wounded by JFK Bullet

The JFK Single-Bullet Theory

James Tague

James Tague on the JFK Assassination

The Wounding of James Tague Refutes the Lone-Gunman Theory of the JFK Assassination


19. Six shots:


Extra Bullets and Missed Shots in Dealey Plaza

Reactions to Six Shots in the Zapruder Film

The Wounding of James Tague Refutes the Lone-Gunman Theory of the JFK Assassination

Navy Doctor: Bullet Found in JFK’s Limousine, And Never Reported


20. Secret Service illegally destroyed records:


The Secret Service’s Obstruction of Justice in the JFK Case

Destruction of Records




ABOUT THE AUTHOR:  Michael T. Griffith holds a Master’s degree in Theology from The Catholic Distance University, a Graduate Certificate in Ancient and Classical History from American Military University, a Bachelor’s degree in Liberal Arts from Excelsior College, and two Associate in Applied Science degrees from the Community College of the Air Force.  He also holds an Advanced Certificate of Civil War Studies and a Certificate of Civil War Studies from Carroll College.  He is a graduate in Arabic and Hebrew of the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, California, and of the U.S. Air Force Technical Training School in San Angelo, Texas.  In addition, he has completed Advanced Hebrew programs at Haifa University in Israel and at the Spiro Institute in London, England.  He is the author of five books on Mormonism and ancient texts, including How Firm A Foundation, A Ready Reply, and One Lord, One Faith.  He is also the author of a book on the JFK assassination titled Compelling Evidence (JFK Lancer, 1996).




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